NNL.20.009 – SCIN: Screen & Intervene

Route: NeuroLabNL: the ultimate living lab for brain, cognition and behavioural research

Cluster question: 058 What are the patterns and causes of crime and how can we influence them?

Antisocial behavioral problems in youth, such as delinquent behavior, have a major societal impact. Although forensic treatment institutions are quite successful in predicting and reducing the risk of reoffending in delinquent youth, not all youth in juvenile forensic psychiatry benefit from current intervention programs. Criminal recidivism rates and long-term mental health problems remain substantial. This may be partly due to the fact that treatment and risk assessment are insufficiently tailored to the specific individual developmental problems and dysfunctions. The leading biospsychosocial model aims to explain the development and persistence of antisocial and delinquent behavior from an interaction between psychological environmental and biological factors. Based on this model, neurobiology should have a prominent role in forensic clinical practice and risk assessment, but fundamental knowledge on individual biopsychosocial profiles, how forensic treatment affects neurobiological development of antisocial youth and how this is related to treatment outcome is currently lacking, thereby limiting its use in practice.
In the current project, we will address these issues by assessing neurophysiological, neuroendocrinological and neuropsychological as well as psychosocial context factors in forensic youth institutions. We will enrich standard screening and assessment with additional neuropsychological, neurophysiological and neuroendocrinological measures. In addition, high-frequency longitudinal neurobiological assessments, using innovative practical assessment tools (serious games, wearables) will be performed during intervention. This dataset will form the basis of a comprehensive biopsychosocial model for determining developmental neurobiological profiles, with its own risk and protective factors for treatment outcome in terms of duration and effectiveness. Based on the newly developed model treatment and decision making in juvenile forensic practice can be better tailored to individual needs and developmental perspectives.

Keywords

(Re)Mediation, delinquency, forensic treatment, individual development, neurobiology

Other organisations

Hogeschool Utrecht, Hogeschool Windesheim, Leiden University (LEI), Faculty of psychology, Faculty of law, Ministerie van J&V, Nederlands Instituut voor Forensische Psychiatrie en Psychologie (NIFP), Pluryn, Radboud University (RU), behavioural science institute, RijksJustieleJeugdinrichtingen (RJJI), Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek- en Documentatiecentrum (WODC)

Submitter

Organisation Amsterdam UMC
Name Dr. L.M.C. (Lucres) Nauta-Jansen
E-mail l.nauta-jansen@amsterdamumc.nl