MD.20.012 – Measurement and mitigation of specific particulate matter and odor sources

Route: Measuring and detecting: anything, anytime, anywhere

Cluster question: 119 How can we remove fine particles, harmful gases, and pathogens from the air and keep it clean?

In a densely populated country like the Netherlands, the quality of living environment is very important. About 10% of Dutch households own a wood-fired installation and wood smoke is now one of the largest sources of particulate matter (PM), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and carbon monoxide in air in the winter months in the Netherlands. Next to odor nuisance, the smoke is unhealthy for everyone, but especially for those with respiratory diseases, cardiovascular diseases, the elderly and children. In addition, the PM and odour from animal farms is one of the most relevant air quality issues of intensive animal farming. Presently, these odors are defined as harmful atmospheric pollutants. Long-term exposure and inhalation of odorous compounds and PMs are unhealthy to farm workers and the surrounding residents and mitigation strategies to reduce their emission are essential for a sustainable farm. Currently, the loads of admittance for odor emissions are mainly determined based on computer models. The new system for licensing will be based on real-emission of odor. In order to design appropriate strategies for PM and odor emissions control, it is necessary to develop suitable scientific methods to univocally quantify them. In this project we aim to develop new analytical strategies and sensors to qualitatively and quantitatively analyze PM and real-time odor emission from wood burning and animal farms. Via this approach, mitigation technologies aimed to reduce and/or to change emissions will be evaluated and examined whether this will lead to less unhealthy exposure scenarios. As each farm has its own specific odor profile, this knowledge will help to customize effective action per animal species and per farm to be able to reduce odor and nuisance in an efficient way. Similarly, since woodburning fireplaces and stoves are fabricated in many different forms, we aim to categorize these to identify potential improvements.

Keywords

farms, mitigation, particulate matter, policy, sensors, volatile chemicals, Woodburning

Other organisations

Nederlandse Organisatie voor toegepast-natuurwetenschappelijk Onderzoek (TNO), Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen (RU)

Submitter

Organisation Maastricht University (UM)
Name Prof. Dr. F. (Frederik-Jan) van Schooten
E-mail f.vanschooten@maastrichtuniversity.nl
Website https://phartox.nl/staff/frederik-jan-van-schooten