ET.20.002 – HYDRogen enriched Alternative transition FUEL (HYDRAFUEL)

Route: Energy transition

Cluster question: 28 How can more fuel-efficient ships, aeroplanes, cars, lorries, trains and other means of transport contribute to the energy efficiency and environmental-friendliness of the overall transport system?

The HYDRAFUEL program proposes a HYDRogen enriched Alternative FUEL for transport applications. The fuel consists of a colloidal mixture of solid and liquid methane, where In the solid part of the mixture a significant portion of hydrogen has been dissolved. The fuel combines an interesting set of advantages. The mixture has overall liquid properties, so that it can be conveniently used as an LNG-like fuel. Thereby, as opposed to using pure hydrogen, the technology provides a means to introduce hydrogen into an existing energy value chain, requiring relatively minor technological adaptation, enabling a relatively quick and cheap energy transition towards reduced CO2 emission. Second, the addition of hydrogen to LNG reduces methane leakage (methane slip) from the combustion process, reducing greenhouse gas exhaust further. We will explore HYDRAFUEL for off-shore applications (i.e. ship engines). HYDRAFUEL will be investigated from both societal and technological perspectives. Realizing that a successful transition can only be achieved in a durable way if it is beneficial for all stakeholders in the energy value chain, a mathematical multi objective optimization framework will be developed in which the entire production-storage-combustion value chain is contained, including all stakeholders and considering technical, social, economic, legal and spatial challenges in an integrated way. A modular setup will enable a comparison of different possibilities for implementation (e.g. production on land vs production on board) and bottlenecks for implementation will be revealed. Technologically we will look into the production, injection, combustion, and storage of HYDRAFUEL, combining modeling and experiment. By introducing hydrogen in the existing LNG energy value chain, a technological and economically viable transition fuel is obtained. Thereby HYDRAFUEL will facilitate the transition towards the future sustainable and secure energy supply.
Persons involved: M2i, TU/e Energy Technology (Prof. dr. ir. Jacques Dam), Hanze University of Applied Sciences, TNO, AVL


coupled energy chains, coupled local and central fuel production, emission reduction, Hydrogen, shipping, slush LNG, social-economic acceptance

Other organisations

AVL, Hanze Hogeschool Groningen, M2i, TNO, TU, tue Energy Technology


Organisation Technical University Eindhoven (TU/e)
Name Prof. dr. D.M.J. (David) Smeulders